on the website and how they are used, as well as to provide information
on how to reject or delete these cookies if the user so chooses.
a. What is a cookie and how is it used?
A cookie is a piece of text that is sent by a web server (e.g. this website)
to the user's Internet browser. The browser then automatically stores the
cookie on the user's computer, and automatically sends it back to the server
whenever the user visits the website. By default, almost all web browsers
allow cookies to be accepted automatically. The Ming Da Italia wen site
use or may use one or more of the types of cookies listed below. The cookies
are categorized in accordance with Opinion 04/2012 on Cookie Consent Exemption,
issued by the Article 29 Working Party in reference to the European Union
(available here: http://ec.europa.eu/justice/data-protection/article-29/documentation/opinion-recommendation/files/2012/wp194_en.pdf):
• "session" cookies are temporarily stored on the user's computer purely
for technical and functional purposes. These cookies allow for the transmission
of the necessary session identifiers in order to ensure safe and efficient
browsing on the website; they are deleted at the end of the "session" (hence
the name), when the browser is closed. By using this type of cookie, other
computer techniques that are potentially detrimental to user's privacy when
browsing can be avoided.
• "persistent cookies" remain stored on the computer's hard drive until
their expiration date or deletion by the user/visitor. Persistent cookies
allow any visitor (or any other user who uses the same computer) to be automatically
recognized when they log on to the site. Many user-friendly features are
provided through persistent cookies (for example, browser language preferences
can be saved, or items can be stored in a shopping cart while making purchases
online). Nevertheless, persistent cookies can also be used to deliver advertising
to the user, and may even be used purposes of dubious legality. Users can
set their browsers to accept/reject all cookies, or to prompt them each
time a cookie is offered so that they can decide whether to accept it or
not. In any case, users are able to change their default settings and disable
cookies (that is, definitively block them) by setting their browsers to
the highest level of protection.
These two types of cookies (session and persistent) can be subdivided even
• they are considered "first-party" cookies when they are set directly by
the owner and/or manager of the website
• they are considered "third-party" cookies when they are created and set
by sources other than the website the user has visited.
b. How do cookies work and how are they deleted?
Cookie functionality, as well as options for restricting or blocking cookies,
can be managed by changing the settings of the user's web browser. In addition,
users can visit the website www.aboutcookies.org for information on how
to manage/delete cookies based on the web browser being used. In order to
delete cookies from the web browser on a smartphone or tablet, users must
refer to the device's instruction manual.
c. List of the cookies used on Ming Da Italia website
As described in part a) above, cookie types are not limited to just session
cookies and persistent cookies. There are also third-partycookies, which
fall under the exclusive responsibility of the organization that created
them. They can be divided into the following macro categories:
• Analytics. These cookies are used to gather and analyze statistical information
on logins/visits to the site. In some cases these cookies are associated
with other information, such as login credentials for restricted areas (email
address and password), in order to build a user profile (personal habits,
sites that have been visited, content that has been downloaded, the types
of interactions the user has had, etc.). To cite one example, Google Inc.
uses servers located around the United States or in other countries to store
information that has been generated by cookies. This allows Google to gather
aggregate statistical information, which can be useful in evaluating how
the website is being used and what activities visitors engage in when on
the website. Google reserves the right to transfer the information it gathers
through cookies to third parties where required to do so by law, or where
such third parties process the information on Google behalf. Google guarantees
that the user's IP address will not be associated with any other data held
by Google in order to build a more detailed user profile. Further information
on privacy policies and the use of these types of cookies can be found directly
on the websites of the organizations that create and manage them.
• Widgets. This category encompasses all those components that make up a
program's graphical user interface, with the aim of helping the user interact
with the program itself. To cite an example, Facebook, Google+ and Twitter
cookies are widgets. Further information on privacy policies and the use
of these types of cookies can be found directly on the websites of the organizations
that create and manage them.
• Advertising. All the cookies used to advertise on websites fall under
this category, which includes Google and Tradedoubler, for example. Further
information on privacy policies and the use of these types of cookies can
be found directly on the websites of the organizations that create and manage
• Web beacons. This category encompasses fragments of code which allow a
website to gather and transfer information through a request to the server
for a graphic image. A website may utilize web beacons for various purposes,
such as analysis of how the website is used, checking whether emails or
web pages have been viewed, and statistical reporting on advertising and
the personalization of advertising and content.
d. The use of Flash cookies
This website may use Adobe Flash Player to offer some multimedia content.
Most computers already have this program installed by default. When any
of this content is accessed on the website, Google Analytics will store
additional data on the computer, known as Flash cookies (or Local Share
Objects). These allow the website owner to know the total number of times
a certain audio/video file has been opened, the number of users who use
that file until the end, and how many users close the file before it ends.
Adobe website provides information on how to remove or disable Flash cookies
(please seehttp://www.adobe.com/products/flashplayer/security). It should
be reminded that restricting and/or eliminating the use of these types of
Flash cookies could negatively effect the available functions for applications
that use Flash technology.